Below is a list of research and information sources relevant to WDNA Priority 4: Economic and Community Development. You can filter the list by clicking on ‘Filter References’ and refining by geographical location and/or keywords.

If you are aware of a piece of research and/or report that is not listed and should be included in the list, please contact us.

A report on limitations of data currently collected

An analysis of the impact on the natural heritage of the decline in hill farming in Scotland

An application of economic choice experiments to a traditional land use—deer hunting and landscape change in the Scottish Highlands

An estimate of numbers of deer shot that do not go through game dealers (‘domestic consumption’)

Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in a multi-species deer community in the New Forest, England

Bargaining Over Common Property Resources: Applying the Coase Theorem to Red Deer in the Scottish Highlands

British Columbia urban ungulate conflict analysis

Can Economic Incentives Resolve Conservation Conflict: The Case of Wild Deer Management and Habitat Conservation in the Scottish Highlands

Collaboration for community-based wildlife management

Collaborative Frameworks in Land Management: A Case Study on Integrated Deer Management (website)

Community-based deer management: a practitioners' guide

Community-based suburban deer management: six case studies of issue evolution, capacity and intervention

Community-based wildlife management: a case study of Sika deer in Japan

Comparing the precision and cost-effectiveness of faecal pellet group count methods

Comparison of four methods to reduce white-tailed deer abundance in an urban community

Conservation with a Gun: Understanding Landowner Attitudes to Deer Hunting in the Scottish Highlands

Consumptive and non-consumptive values of wild mammals in Britain

Current and future deer management options. Report on behalf of DEFRA European Wildlife Division

Damage by deer to agriculture and forestry

Deer and road traffic accidents: A review of mitigation measures: Costs and cost-effectiveness

Deer hunting in a residential community: the community's perspective

Deer management on the National Forest Estate: current practices and future directions 1 April 2014 - 31 March 2017

Deer management within suburban areas

Deer vehicle collisions in Britain - A nationwide issue

Deer vehicle collisions in Scotland Monitoring project 2008-2011

Deer-vehicle collisions, deer density and land use in Iowa's urban deer herd management zones

Developing methodologies for monitoring deer impacts in the wider countryside: initial scoping study

Economic impacts of wild deer in the East of England

Economics of an urban deer-removal program

Effectiveness of wildlife warning reflectors in reducing deer-vehicle collisions: a behavioural study

Effects of human disturbance on the diet composition of wild red deer (Cervus elaphus)

Emergence of cooperative behaviours in the management of mobile ecological resources

Environmental and Strategic Uncertainty in Common Property Management: The Case of Scottish Red Deer

Environmental determinants of Ixodes ricinus ticks and the incidence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, the agent of Lyme borreliosis, in Scotland

Estimating red deer Cervus elaphus populations: an analysis of variation and cost-effectiveness of counting

Farming for venison - investigating the barriers to deer farming in Scotland

Field evidence that roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) are a natural host for Ehrlichia phagocytophila

Fifteen years of urban deer management: The Fontenelle Forest experience

Foraging by roe deer in agricultural areas and impact on arable crops

Heat exchanges and energy balances of grazing animals

Hunting in European mountain systems: an economic assessment of game gross margins in nine case study areas

Identifying conflicts and opportunities for collaboration in the management of a wildlife resource: a mixed-methods approach

Identifying threshold densities for wild deer in the UK above which negative impacts may occur

Impact of deer in lowland Britain on agriculture, forestry and conservation habitats

Impact of roe deer Capreolus capreolus browsing on understorey vegetation in small farm woodlands

Impacts of wild ungulates on vegetation: costs and benefits

Intervention and capacity considerations in community-based deer management: the stakeholders' perspective

Is legislation a barrier to the sustainable management of game species? A case study of wild deer in Britain

Land Use Change on Scottish Highland Estates

Life cycle assessment of Scottish wild venison

Managing urban deer in Connecticut

Mapping wildlife: integrating stakeholder knowledge with modelled patterns of deer abundance by using participatory GIS

Modelling conflicting objectives in the management of a mobile ecological resource: Red deer in the Scottish Highlands

Modelling the cost of roe deer browsing damage to forestry

Modelling the effects of recent changes in climate, host density and acaricide treatments on population dynamics of Ixodes ricinus in the UK

National deer-vehicle collisions project Scotland (2003-2005)

On the multifunctionality of hunting – an institutional analysis of eight cases from Europe and Africa

Pests or valued resources? Conflict in management of deer

Predicting deer-vehicle collisions in an urban area

Preferences for wildlife management methods among the peri-urban public in Scotland

Proceedings of the Future for Deer Conference, 28 & 29 March 2003

Public perceptions of wild deer management: pilot study

Reconstructing sustainability; participant experiences of community land tenure in North West Scotland

Red and sika deer in the British Isles, current management issues and management policy

Red deer Cervus elephus vigilance behaviour differs with habitat and type of human disturbance

Risk factors in habitats of the tick Ixodes ricinus influencing human exposure to Ehrlichia phagocytophila bacteria

Roe deer and methods of control in forests of south Scotland

Scoping the economic benefits and costs of wild deer and their management in Scotland

Sex differences in emigration and mortality affect optimal management of deer populations

Shared appreciation of woodland landscapes by land management professionals and lay people: An exploration through field-based interactive photo-elicitation

Six years after the fences came down: Minimal deer damage to commercial forestry at Glenfinnan

Stakeholder acceptance of urban deer management techniques

Temporal and spatial development of red deer harvesting in Europe: biological and cultural factors

Temporal pattern of wild ungulate-related traffic accidents in northwest Spain

The contribution of Deer Management to the Scottish economy

The Economic Implications of Deer Damage - A review of current evidence

The effect of deer Management on the abundance of Ixodes ricinus in Scotland

The influence of information provision on people’s landscape preferences: A case study on understorey vegetation of deer-browsed woodlands

The Islip deer initiative: a strategy for stakeholder involvement in deer management

The management and role of Highland sporting estates in the early 21st Century: the owner’s view of a unique but contested form of land use

The management of wild large herbivores to meet economic, conservation and environmental objectives

The public health risks of Lyme disease in Breckland, UK: An investigation of environmental and social factors

The spatial ecology of deer–vehicle collisions

The Value of Shooting: The economic, environmental, and social benefits of shooting sports in the UK

Tick bite and Lyme borreliosis risk at a recreational site in England

Towards a research agenda for woodland expansion in Scotland

Towards the construction of a typology of management models of shooting opportunities in Scotland

Tradeable hunting obligations - a new approach to regulating red deer numbers in the Scottish Highlands?

Traffic collisions involving deer and other ungulates in Europe and available measures for mitigation

Urban Biodiversity: successes and challenges: human perceptions towards peri-urban deer in central Scotland

Wild deer as a source of infection for livestock and humans in the UK

Woodland restoration in Scotland: Ecology, history, culture, economics, politics and change